Jane Digby

Lady Jane Elizabeth Digby el Mezrab

Lord Ellenborough

Lord Ellenborough was a British politician heavily involved with British Imperial affairs in India. In 1813, Ellenborough entered the House of Commons, and in 1818 became Baron Ellenborough in the House of Lords. His service in India included a two-year run as the Governor-General, which ended when his attempts to dominate trade led to his recall "from India for being out of control" (Encyclopedia Britannica On-line). Once in England again, Ellenborough served four times as president of the Board of Control for India. During this time, he drafted a new plan for the governance of India in response to the Indian Mutiny, but amidst conflict over his opposition to Lord Canning's Oudh Proclamation, Ellenborough resigned from the Board. Essentially, Lord Ellenborough appears to have been an arrogant man with "a desire for indiscriminate vengeance." Carlyle uses Lord Ellenborough in "Hudson's Statue" in response to Jefferson Brick's observation about Britain's "multifarious patented anomalies." Although the Bishops of Durham were reprehensible, Carlyle portrays Lord Ellenborough's abuse of his financial power and of the capitalist system as even worse. He represents one of Britain's "Overgrown monsters of Wealth."

Lord Ellenborough (Edward Law, Earl of Ellenborough, Viscount Southam of Southam, Baron of Ellenborough or Ellenborough). Born September 8, 1790 in London, Lord Ellenborough was educated at Eton and St. John's College, Cambridge, and entered the House of Commons in 1813 and the House of Lords as a baron after his father died in 1818. He served as lord privy seal in 1828 and was president of the board of control for India in 1828-30 and for brief periods in 1834-35 and 1841, when he was appointed governor-general of India. He opposed England's costly intervention in Afghanistan, but rash opportunism led him to acquiesce in actions of Sir Charles James Napier, his governor in Sind, which drove the Sindhi emirs into war and consequent defeat in 1841. Pursuing plans to promote trade, Lord Ellenborough ended tolls and duties throughout Sind, Bahawalpur, the North Western Provinces, Madras, and Bombay. In December 1843, however, war with Gwalior prevented free trade. The directors, exasperated by Ellenborough's arrogant self-will, resolved to recall him in April 1844. On his return to England, he served as first lord of the Admiralty in 1846 and at the Board of Control in 1858. There he drafted the new plan for the government of India, which the Indian Mutiny had rendered necessary; but, by making public a caustic dispatch censuring Canning's Oudh proclamation, which Ellenborough thought betrayed a desire for indiscriminate vengeance, he roused such opposition that he chose to resign and never held office again. (Information from Britannica Online). Carlyle refers to Lord Ellenborough only once in "Hudson's Statue", referring to the destruction of the Idol of Somnauth. Since Carlyle writes that "You can read it in Gibbon, -- probably, too, in Lord Ellenborough," it is likely that Lord Ellenborough wrote something about the event in one of his works.

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