Egypt During the Reign of Akhenaton

The Body Found in tomb RV55

The details below are the report on the body found in the tomb - this body has been identified by various investigations as being that of Akhenaton, Smenkhara and Tiye.

 The coffin showing the cartouche cut from the inscription



The report on the body:

Scapula completely ossified -(25-28 years)

First three vertebrae completely ossified (25-30 years)

Fourth cervical vertebrae : inferior epiphysis of body - not completely fused

Fifth cervical vertebrae : same condition as fourth

Sixth and seventh vertebrae (cervical) : completely ossified but in the rest the epiphysis have fused only a short time before death

The lower epiphysis of the fourth and the upper of the fifth dorsal vertebrae had only just begun to fuse.

All five lumbar vertebrae completely ossified

The sacrum is four pieced : its lateral masses are completely consolidated, but the three intercentral fissures were just closed or in the process of closing

The suture between segments 3 and 4 was just closed : between 3 and 2 was closed laterally - between 2 and 1 was in the process of closing laterally

The epiphysis on the heads and tubercles of the ribs were just joining in most cases, but were separate in a few instances

The sternal ephysis of the clavicle was still separate

All the limb bones, excepting the ossa innominata and clavicles only, were fully ossified and consolidated

In the ossa innominata the epiphises of the ischial tuberosities were consolidated and those of the pubo-ischial rami were in the process of joining at the time of death. The epiphysis of the crest was joined at the ilium, but in the posterior 45 millimeters of its extent on the right side and 30m on the left, a slight cleft is present along the inner edge of the epiphysis cristae.

In the skull the cranial sutures showed no signs of obliteration : the teeth were unworn and the right upper wisdom tooth had not erupted.

The cranium is broad and relatively flattened

o.m. 189 millimeters in length

o.m 154 millimeters in breadth

o.m. 136 millimeters in height (basibregmatic)

o.m. 099 millimeters minimal frontal breadth

o.m. 545 millimeters circumference

Index 81 - broad headed

Jaw armenoid - (form of its ascending ramus)

Right femur -

oblique length (o.m. 450 millemeters)


Maximum length (o.m. 455 millemeters)

Left femur -

Oblique length (o.m. 453 millimeters)

Maximum length (o.m. 455 millimeters)

Left tibia- axial length (o.m. 355 millemeters)

Right tibia - axial length (o.m. 354 millimeter)

Tarsal height (astragalus and calcaneum) o.m. 066 millimeters

Left humerus

Oblique length o.m. 311 millimeters

Maximum length o.m. 319 millimeters

Right Humerius

Oblique length o.m. 314 millimeters

Maximum length o.m. 322 millimeters

The skull was found to be thin in some places, thick in others - showing possible signs of hydrocephalus.

The skull was platycephalic in shape - as is the skull of Tutankamon