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This is a check list of fish found in the main rivers and lakes of Zimbabwe:
(Click on those underlined in black print for details about the fish. More pages being added all the time so come back and visit again soon.

  • Family: PROTOPTERIDAE
    Genus: Protoperus - Owen 1839 - Lung fish
    Spiecies Protopterusannectens (Owen), 1839
    Seldom taken on a rod and line
  • Family: KNERIIDAE
    Genus: Kneria Steindachner 1866
    Species: Kneria auriculata (Pellegrin) 1905 - Southern Kneria
  • Family: MORMYRIDAE
    Genus Mormyrops - J Muller 1843 - Corn-jack
    Species: Mormyrops deliciousus (Leach) 1818 - Cornish Jack - Muyanda
    Genus: Petrocephalus - Marcusen 1854
    Species: Petrocephalus catastoma (Ginther) 1866
    Genus: Marcusenius - Gill 1862
    Species Marcusenius discorhyncus (Peters) 1852Spieces: Marcusenius macrolepidotus (Peters) 1852 - Bull-dogfish - Nembele
    Species Marcusenius castelnaui (Boulenger) 1911
    Genus: Gnathonemus (Gill) 1862
    Species: Gnathonemus macrolepidotus (Peters) 1852 - Bull-dog
    Genus: Mormyrus (Linnaeus) 1766 Bottle-nose
    Species: Mormyrus lacerda (Castelnau) 1861
    Spieces: Mormyrus longirostris (Peters) 1852 - Bottlenose - Amalompi
  • Family: CHARACIDAE
    Genus: Hydrocyon (Cuvier) 1819
    Species Hydrocyon vittatus (Castelmau) 1861 - Tiger Fish - Mcheni
    Genus: Hepsetus (Swainson) 1838
    Species: Hepsetus odoe (Bloch) 1794 - Pike
    Genus: Alestes (Muller and Troschel) 1846
    Species: Alestes imberi (Peters) 1852 Spot Tail
    Spcies: Alestes lateralis (Boulenger) 1900- Alestes - Mbale
    Genus: Micralestes (Boulenger) 1899
    Species: Micralestes acutidens (Peters) 1852
  • Family CITHARINIDA
    Genus Distichodus (Muller and Troschel) 1845
    Species Distichodus mossambicus (Peters) 1852 - Nkupe (Sikapapa) Jenga
    Species Distichodus schenga (Peters) 1852 - Chessa (Shenga) - Kafulofulo
    G enus: Nannocharax (Gunther) 1867
    Species: Nannocharax multofasciatus (Boulenger) 1923
  • Family CYPRINIDAE
    Genus: Barbus (Cuvier) 1817
    Species: Barbus holubi (Steindachner) 1894 - Yellow-fish
    Species: Barbus kimberleyensis (Gilchrist and Thompson) 1923
    Species: Barbus natalensis (Castelnau) 1861
    Species: Barbus maraquensis (A Smith) 1841
    Species: Barbus codringtoni (Boulenger) 1908
    Species: Barbus rapax (Steindachner) 1894
    Species: Barbus trimaculatus (Peters) 1852
    Species: Barbus bernardcarpi (Jubb) 1958
    Species: Barbus paludinosus (Peters) 1852 - Ubiquitous Barb - Ncenga
    Species: Barbus afrohamiltoni (Crass) 1960
    Species: Barbus peochii (Steindachner) 1911 - Spottail Barb - Mpifu
    Species: Barbus eutaenia (Boulenger) 1904
    Species: Barbus kessleri (Steindachner) 1866
    Species: Barbus multilineats (Worthington) 1933
    Species: Barbus afrovernayi (Nichols and Boulton) 1927
    Species: Barbus miolepis (Boulenger) 1902
    Species: Barbus viviparus (Weber) 1897
    Species: Barbus lineomaculatus (Boulenger) 1903 - Spottedf Barb - Gwinya
    Species: Barbus unitaeniatus (Gunther) 1866
    Barbus fasciolatus -(Gunther) 1868 - Red-banded barb - Chitakala
    Species: Barbus labialis (Gilchrist and Thompson) 1913
    Species: Barbus bariliodes (Boulenger) 1914
    Species: Barbus (Beirabarbus) palustris (Herre) 1936
    Species: Barbus (Beirabarbus) aurantiacus (Boulenger) 1910
    Genus: Varicorhinus (Ruppell) 1836
    Species Varicorhinus nasutus (Gilchrist and Thompson) 1911
    Species: Varicorhinus pungweensis (Jubb) 1959
    Genus: Labeo (Cuvier) 1817 - Mud-suckers
    Species: Labeo fordkalii (Ruppell) 1835
    Species Labeo cylindricus (Peters) 1852 - Golden Mudsucker - Nguridzi
    Species: Labeo rubropunctatus (Gilchrist and Thompson) 1913
    Species: Labeo congoro (Peters) 1852 - Purple Mudsucker - Mucise
    Species: Labeo altivelis (Peters) 1852 - Rednose mudsucker - Mutuba
    Species: Labeo rosae (Steindachner) 1894
    Species: Labeo ruddi (Boulenger) 1907
    Species: Labeo Lunatus (Jubb) 1963 - Sailfin Mudsucker - Linyonga
    Genius: Barilius (Hamilton-Buchanan) 1822
    Species: Barilius zambesensis (Peters) 1852 - Barred Minnow - Myamkaula
    Genus: Engraulicypris (Gunther) 1893
    Species: Engraulicyris brevianalis (Boulenger) 1908
  • Family: BAGRIDAE
    Genus Leptoglanis (Boulenger) 1905
    Species: Leptoglanis rotuniceps (Higendorf) 1905
    Genus: Auchenglanis (Gunther) 1864
    Species: Auchenoglanis ngamensis (Boulenger) 1911
  • Family: CLARIIDAE
    Genus: Heterobranchus longifilis (Cuvier and Valenciennes) 1840 - Vundu - Muzunda
    Genus: Clarias Gronow 1763 - Cat-fish or barbel
    Species: Clarias gariepinus (Burchell) 1822 - Zambezi Barbel - Mubondo
    Species: Clarias ngamensis (Castelnau) 1861
    Species: Clarias theodorae (Weber) 1897
  • Family: SCHILBEIDAE
    Gebus: Schilbe (Cuvier) 1817 - Butter-barbel
    Species: Schilbe mystus (Linnaeus) 1762 - Butter Catfish - Lubangu
    Genus: Eutropius (Muller and Troschel) 1849
    Species: Eutropius depressirostris (Peters) 1852 - Silver Catfish - Mvenga
  • Family: MOCHOCIDAE
    Genus: Synodontis (Cuvier) 1817 - Squeakers
    Species: Synodontis zambesensis (Peters) 1852 - Plain Squeaker - Chikolo
    Species: Synodontis nigromaculatus (Boulenger) 1905
    Species Synodontis nebulosus (Peters) 1852 - Spotted squeaker - Korokoro
    Species: Synodontis woosnami (Boulnger) 1911
    Genus Chiloglanis (Peters) 1868
    Spexcies Chiloglanis pretoriae (Horst) 1931
    Species: Chiloglanis neumanni (Hilgendorf) 1905
  • Family: AMPHILIIDAE
    Genus: Amphilius (Gunther) 1864 - Mountain Barbel
    Species: Amphilius grandis (Boulenger) 1905
  • Family: MALAPTERURIDAE
    Genus: Malapterurus (Lacepede) 1803
    Spexies: Malapterurus electicus (Gmelin) 1789 - Electric Catfish - Chikwinya
  • Family: ANGUILLIDAE
    Genus: Anguilla (Shaw) 1803
    Species: Anguilla marmorata (Quoy and Gaimard) 1824
    Species: Anguilla nebulosa labiata (Peters) 1852 - African Mottled Eel - Mukumka
    Species Anguilla mossambica (Peters) 1852
    Species: Anguilla bicolor bicolor (McClelland) 1844
  • Family: CYPRINODONTIDAE
    Genus: Nothobrabchius (Peters) 1868
    Species: Nothobranchius orthonotus (Peters) 1844
    Genus: Aplocheilichius (Bleeker) 1863
    Species Aplocheilichius johnstonii (Gunther) 1893- Johnston's Topminnow - Pipinka
    Species: Aplocheilichius myaposae (Boulenger) 1908
  • Family: CICHLIDAE - Bream
    Genus Tilapia (A Smith) 1849
  • Species: Tilapia andersonii (Castelnau) 1861 - Three-spot Bream - Njinji
    Species: Tilapia placida (Trewavas) 1941
    Species: Tilapia macrochir (Boulenger) 1912
    Species: Tilapia andersonii (Castelnau) 1861
    Species: Tilapia mossambica (Peters) 1852
    Species: Tilapia mossambica mortimeri (Trewavas) 1966 - Kurper Bream - Muchele
    Species: Tilapia sparrmanii (A Smith) 1849
    Species: Tilapia melanopleura (Dumeril) 1859
    Species: Tilapia rendalli (Bouleger) 1896 - Red-breasted Bream - Mudile
    Genus: Hemichromis (Peters) 1857
    Species: Hemichromis fasciatus (Peters) 1857
    Genus: Sargochromis (Regan) 1920
    Species: Sargochromis robustus (Gunther) 1866
    Species: Sargochromis giardi (Pellegrin) 1904 - Pink Bream - Sieo
    Species: Sargochromis codringtoni (Boulenger) 1908 - Green Bream - Seao
    Genus: Serranochromis (Regan) 1920
    Species: Serranochromis robustus (Gunther) 1866
    Species: Serranochromis robustus jallae(Boulenger) 1896
    - Olive Bream - Nenbwe
    Species Serranochromis macrocephala (Boulenger) 1899 - Purple faced bream - Mulumbo
    Species: Serranochromis augusticeps (Boulenger) 1907
    Species: Serranochromis thumbergi (Castelnau) 1861
    Species: Serranochromis from Transvaal
    Genus: Haplochromis (Hilgendorf) 1888
    Species: Haplochromis frederici (Castelnau) 1861
    Species: Haplochromis carlottae (Boulenger) 1905 - Rainbow Bream - Likumbwa
    Species: Haplochromis darlingi (Boulenger) 1911 - Darling's Dwarf Bream - Imbalata
    Species: Haplochromis philander (M Weber) 1897Moffat's Dwarf Bream
    Species: Haplochromis swynnertoni (Boulenger) 1907
  • Family: ANABANTIDAE
    Genus: Ctenopoma (Peters) 1844
    Species: Ctenopoma multispinis (Peters) 1844
  • Family: GOBIIDAE
    Genus: Platygobius (Bleeker) 1874
    Species: Platygobius aeneofuscus (Peters) 1852
    Genus: Glossogobius (Gill) 1862
    Species: Glossogobius giurus (Hamilton-Buchanan) 1822
  • Family: MASTACEMBELIDAE
    Genus: Mastacembelus (Gronow) 1763
    Species: Mastacembelus mellandi (Boulenger) 1914

    Saltwater species whch occasionally come far inland up large rivers
  • Family: ELOPIDAE
    Genus: Megalops (Lacepede) 1803 - Tarpon
    Species: Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet) 1782
  • Family: PRISTIDAE
    Genus: Pristis (Latham) 1794 - Saw-fish
    Species: Pristis microdon (Latham) 1794
  • Family: GALEORHINIDAE
    Genus: Carcharinus (Blainville) 1816 - Shark
    Species: Carcharinus zambesensis (peters) 1852 - Zambezi Shark

    Exotic Fishes Inrtroduced into Zimbabwe Rivers
  • Family: SALMONIDAE
    Genus Salmo (Linnaeus) 1758 - Trout
    Species: Salmo trutta (Linnaeus) 1758 - Brown Trout
    Species: Salmo gairdneri (Richardson) 1836 - Rainbow Trout
    Genus: Salvelinus (Richardson) 1836
    Species: Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill) 1815 - Brook Trout
  • Family:CENTRARCHIDAE - Sunfish family
    Genus Micropterus (Lacepede) 1802
    Species: Micropterus dolomieu (Lacepede_ 1802 - Smallmouth Bass
    Species: Micropterus salmoides (Lacepede_ 1802 - Largemouth Bass
    Genus: Lepomis macrochirus *Rafinesque) 1819 - Blue-gill
  • Family: CYPRINIDAE
    Genus: Cyprinus (Linnaeus) 1758
    Species: Cyprinus carpio (Linnaeus) 1758 - Carp
  • Limnothrissa miodon - Kapenta

 
 
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